LIS-GISIG: Gov Info, Sources, Data & Docs

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DOL BLS Gov Doc: “Librarians” Job Profile in Occupational Outlook Handbook

What is this job like?

Librarians help people find facts. They organize information and help people find books, magazines, videos, Web sites, and other information.

Librarians decide which books, magazines, movies, and computer equipment to buy for inclusion within a library. They arrange books and other items so that people can find them. Many librarians work in teams to get the job done.

Some librarians specialize in one subject such as art. Others work with children, reading to them and teaching them about books and research. Librarians work in schools and public libraries. They also work in government, businesses, and other places where people need to find information quickly.

Today, most libraries have computers. Some librarians develop databases and Web sites. They also help people use the computer to find what they need.

Many librarians are also managers. They make budgets and keep records. They also supervise other people who work at the library.

Librarians spend a lot of time at desks or at the computer. They spend time helping people. Many librarians like this part of the job best.

Librarians can work part time or full time. Some librarians work weekends or evenings. School librarians work when schools are open. They are off during school vacations.

Work Environment: Librarians work for local government, colleges and universities, companies and elementary and secondary schools. Most work full time, but opportunities for part-time work exist.

How to Become a Librarian: Most librarians need a master’s degree in library science. Some positions have additional requirements, such as a teaching certificate or a degree in another field.

Pay: The median annual wage for librarians was $55,370 in May 2012.

Job Outlook: Employment of librarians is projected to grow 7 percent from 2012 to 2022, slower than the average for all occupations…

There will continue to be a need for librarians to manage libraries and help patrons find information. As patrons and support staff become more comfortable using electronic resources, fewer librarians will be needed for assistance. However, the increased availability of electronic information is also expected to increase the demand for librarians in research and special libraries, where they will be needed to help sort through the large amount of available information.

Budget limitations, especially in local government and educational services, may slow demand for librarians. Some libraries may close, reduce the size of their staff, or focus on hiring library technicians and assistants, who can fulfill some librarian duties at a lower cost.

What about the future?

Job opportunities for librarians are expected to be very good between 2008 and 2018 because many of today’s librarians are expected to retire. The number of librarian jobs is expected to grow as fast as the average for all occupations through 2018.

Where can you find more information?

More BLS information about librarians can be found in the Occupational Outlook Handbook [2014-5].

DOL Gov Doc: Books that Shaped Work in America

Since its Centennial in 2013, the Department of Labor, in partnership with the Center for the Book in the Library of Congress, has been developing a list of Books that Shaped Work in America. Search/Browse by

It is thoughtfully curated: all 171 items may be found in a public library (or ILL), and spans almost every interest and reading level. Plus, each title has a synopsis focusing on its work themes and its connection to DOL mission.

You may suggest a book (hey RA!), and given the project’s influence, the lack of current titles, and publicity for your library, methinks it’s worth our time.

Selected Titles include:

The expected: The Jungle-Sinclair, Ayn Rand, Milton Friedman, Studs Terkel, Federalist Papers, Lewis, Dale Carnegie, Frances Perkins, Nickel and Dimed, Strangers from a Different Shore, Triangle: the fire that Changed America, The Help, Megatrends, Dilbert, The New Jim Crow, Albright, Reich, Gay Issues in the Workplace, Alinsky, Shock Doctrine, Riis, etc.

And, some patron favorites: The Devil Wears Prada, Leaves of Grass, Stone Butch Blues, Thomas Merton, Age of Innocence, Little Women, Silent Spring, Devil Wears Prada, Their Eyes were Watching God, A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, Mayor of Castro Street, Bartelby, The Feminine Mystique, The Best of Everything, Handmaid’s Tale, Tao of Pooh, etc.

Also For Kids: Busy Busy Town, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, The Days the Crayons Quit, I’m a Frog: An Elephant and Piggy Book, Click Clack Moo, Little Engine that Could, Little Orphan Annie, Olivia.

If you have any recommendations for books or RA sources related to work & labor, please add them to the comments!

DOL, NARA & LOC Gov Docs: Rosie: The Riveting True Story of the Labor Icon

Certainly, one of the more readily recognizable icons of labor is “Rosie the Riveter,” the indefatigable World War II-era woman who rolled up her sleeves, flexed her arm muscles and said, “We Can Do It!” But, this isn’t the original Rosie.

Norman Rockwell drew the original Rosie for the May 29, 1943 cover of the Saturday Evening Post— a magazine that actively encouraged women to join the workforce during World War II.

The original Rosie is a brawny, smudged, red-headed worker, unlike the tidier, prettier, more familiar version. She sits in baggy overalls with a riveting tool in her lap, eating a sandwich from a”Rosie”-inscribed lunch pail and stepping on a copy of Adolph Hitler’s book “Mein Kampf.”

The magazine cover was an enormous success, so The Westinghouse Company commissioned artist J. Howard Miller to make a series of posters to promote the war effort featuring the now iconic “Rosie the Riveter” (named after a popular song).

The campaign brought millions of women out of the home and into the workforce, and is still considered the most successful government advertising campaign in history, securing Miller’s drawing as the Rosie of Record.

Images: Rosie.”  Norman Rockwell. Saturday Evening Post, May 29, 1943 (LOC); “We Can Do It!" Office for Emergency Management. War Production Board. (01/1942 - 11/03/1945) (NARA)

NLM Gov Doc: Dr. Minder’s Anatomical Mannikin of the Female Human Body: an Illustrated Representation with Full and Descriptive Text (c.1905)

Congress has debated the efficacy and constitutionality of federal regulation of firearms and ammunition, with strong advocates arguing for and against greater gun control. The mass shooting in Newtown, CT, along with other mass shootings in Aurora, CO, and Tucson, AZ, restarted the national gun control debate. The Senate had considered a range of legislative proposals, including several that President Barack Obama supports as part of his national gun violence reduction plan. The most salient of these proposals would (1) require background checks for intrastate firearms transfers between unlicensed persons at gun shows and nearly any other venue, otherwise known as the “universal background checks” proposal; (2) increase penalties for gun trafficking; and (3) reinstate and strengthen an expired federal ban on detachable ammunition magazines of over 10-round capacity and certain “military style” firearms commonly described as “semiautomatic assault weapons,” which are designed to accept such magazines.

EPA Gov Doc/Site/App: How’s My Waterway

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) “How’s My Waterway,” app and website helps people find information on the condition of thousands of lakes, rivers and streams across the continental United States from their smart phone, tablet or desktop computer.

The How’s My Waterway app and website uses GPS technology or a user-entered zip code or city name to provide information about the quality of local water bodies. The latest release includes such as data on local drinking water sources, watersheds and efforts to protect waterways and improved features.

  • SEARCH: Go to http://www.epa.gov/mywaterway and allow GPS technology to identify the nearest streams, rivers or lakes or enter a zip code or city name.
  • REVIEW: Instantly receive a list of waterways within five miles of the search location. Each waterway is identified as unpolluted, polluted or unas­sessed. A map option offers the user a view of the search area with the results color-coded by assessment status.
  • DISCOVER: Once a specific lake, river or stream is selected, the How’s My Waterway app and website provides information on the type of pollution reported for that waterway and what has been done by EPA and the states to reduce it. Additional reports and technical information is available for many waterways.Read simple descriptions of each type of water pollutant, including pollutant type, likely sources and potential health risks.
  • EXPLORE: Related links page connects users to popular water information on beaches, drinking water and fish and wildlife habitat based on a user’s search criteria.
LOC Gov Doc: History of Labor Day
On September 5, 1882, some 10,000 workers assembled in New York City to participate in America’s first Labor Day parade. This first Labor Day celebration was eagerly organized and executed by New York’s Central Labor Union, an umbrella group made up of representatives from many local unions. Debate continues to this day as to who originated the idea of a workers’ holiday, but it definitely emerged from the ranks of organized labor at a time when they wanted to demonstrate the strength of their burgeoning movement and inspire improvements in their working conditions.
Image: Labor Day parade (ca. 1900) Buffalo, N.Y.

The new Privacy Technical Assistance Center (PTAC) guidance regarding transparency best practices for schools and districts provides a number of recommendations for keeping parents and students informed about schools’ and districts’ collection and use of student data.

The recommendations can be divided into three main categories: what information schools and districts ought to communicate to parents; how to convey that information in an understandable way; and how to respond to parent inquiries about student data policies and practices.

Some of the best practices covered in the document include:

  • making information about student data policies and practices easy to find on districts’ and schools’ public webpages
  • publishing a data inventory that details what information schools and districts collect about students, and what they use it for
  • explaining to parents what, if any, personal information is shared with third parties and for what purposes
  • using communication strategies that reduce the complexity of the information, and telling parents where they can get more detailed information if they want it.

The document also encourages schools and districts to be proactive when it comes to communicating about how they use student data.

NASA Gov Doc:  Katrina in the Gulf
NASA spacecraft watched closely in 2005 as a record-breaking Atlantic hurricane season yielded 27 named storms, including the devastating Hurricane Katrina, seen here at full strength in an Aug. 29, 2005 image from the GOES-12 weather satellite.

USDA AMS : Searchable Farmers Market Database

The Directory lists over 8,100 markets that feature two or more farm vendors selling agricultural products directly to customers at a common, recurrent physical location. Maintained by the Agricultural Marketing Service, the Directory is designed to provide consumers with convenient access to information about farmers market listings to include: market locations, directions, operating times, product offerings, accepted forms of payment, and more.
 
You can search for markets by zip code, geographic proximity, product availability, payment method and even whether the market participates in Federal nutrition programs, such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). You can also search by typing the official name and indicating state.

Image: USDA Gov Doc: Having Fun at Your Local Farmers Market Coloring Book

via hotopics.askcarlos.com/coloringbooks

BREAKING NEWS! CIA & NSA Gov Docs: Confirmation of NSA sharing data with  23 U.S. government agencies, via ICREACH search engine

According to Classified documents obtained by The Intercept’ s , “The National Security Agency is secretly providing data to nearly two dozen U.S. government agencies with a “Google-like” search engine built to share more than 850 billion records about phone calls, emails, cellphone locations, and internet chats.”

The documents provide the first definitive evidence that the NSA has for years made massive amounts of surveillance data directly accessible to domestic law enforcement agencies. Planning documents for ICREACH, as the search engine is called, cite the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Drug Enforcement Administration as key participants.

ICREACH contains information on the private communications of foreigners and, it appears, millions of records on American citizens who have not been accused of any wrongdoing. Details about its existence are contained in the archive of materials provided to The Intercept by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden…

“The ICREACH team delivered the first-ever wholesale sharing of communications metadata within the U.S. Intelligence Community,” noted a top-secret memo dated December 2007. “This team began over two years ago with a basic concept compelled by the IC’s increasing need for communications metadata and NSA’s ability to collect, process and store vast amounts of communications metadata related to worldwide intelligence targets.”

The search tool was designed to be the largest system for internally sharing secret surveillance records in the United States, capable of handling two to five billion new records every day, including more than 30 different kinds of metadata on emails, phone calls, faxes, internet chats, and text messages, as well as location information collected from cellphones. Metadata reveals information about a communication—such as the “to” and “from” parts of an email, and the time and date it was sent, or the phone numbers someone called and when they called—but not the content of the message or audio of the call.

ICREACH does not appear to have a direct relationship to the large NSA database, previously reported by The Guardian, that stores information on millions of ordinary Americans’ phone calls under Section 215 of the Patriot Act. Unlike the 215 database, which is accessible to a small number of NSA employees and can be searched only in terrorism-related investigations, ICREACH grants access to a vast pool of data that can be mined by analysts from across the intelligence community for “foreign intelligence”—a vague term that is far broader than counterterrorism.

ICREACH has been accessible to more than 1,000 analysts at 23 U.S. government agencies that perform intelligence work, according to a 2010 memo. A planning document from 2007 lists the DEA, FBI, Central Intelligence Agency, and the Defense Intelligence Agency as core members. Information shared through ICREACH can be used to track people’s movements, map out their networks of associates, help predict future actions, and potentially reveal religious affiliations or political beliefs…

read more:  The Surveillance Engine: How the NSA Built Its Own Secret Google,

HT: democracynow.org

This report briefly describes current responsibilities and selection mechanisms for 15 House and Senate party leadership posts and provides tables with historical data, including service dates, party affiliation, and other information for each.

FTC Gov Doc: What’s The Deal? An FTC Study on Mobile Shopping Apps

A new staff report issued by the Federal Trade Commission finds that many mobile apps for use in shopping do not provide consumers with important information – such as how the apps manage payment-related disputes or handle consumer data – prior to download.

This report, “What’s the Deal? An FTC Study on Mobile Shopping Apps,” looked at some of the most popular apps used by consumers to comparison shop, collect and redeem deals and discounts, and pay in-store with their mobile devices.

Recommendations to companies that provide mobile shopping apps to consumers:

1. Apps should make clear consumers’ rights and liability limits for unauthorized, fraudulent, or erroneous transactions.  

The staff report found that, prior to download, the apps reviewed frequently failed to give consumers information about the dispute procedures and consumers’ potential liability in the event something goes wrong with a payment made through the app. 

2. Apps should more clearly describe how they collect, use, and share consumer data.

The report finds that the reviewed apps’ privacy disclosures often used vague language, reserving broad rights to collect, use, and share consumers’ information.  While almost all of the apps stated that they share personal data, 29 percent of price comparison apps, 17 percent of deal apps, and 33 percent of in-store purchase apps reserved the right to share users’ personal data without restriction, thus making it difficult for consumers to make informed decisions about whether to use the apps based on privacy considerations.

3. Companies should ensure that their data security promises translate into sound data security practices.

Recommendations to consumers:

1. The report urges consumers to closely examine the apps’ stated policies on issues like dispute resolution and liability limits, as well as privacy and data security and evaluate them in choosing which apps to use.

2. The report also notes that when apps do not provide that information, consumers should consider using alternative apps, or in the case of missing dispute resolution policies, limit the dollar amount used to fund stored value accounts.