LIS-GISIG: Gov Info, Sources, Data & Docs

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Graduate Schools of Library & Information Studies .
Because EVERY Librarian is a Gov Info/Doc Librarian! . ............................................................................ . #tumblarian in the house (and in the Senate)
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Gov Data: Digitized Interactive Atlas of the Historical Geography of the United States

via The University of Richmond Digital Scholarship Lab

Even after 80 years,  Charles O. Paullin’s Atlas of the Historical Geography of the United States remains one of the most impressive and most useful atlases of American history.

Containing nearly 700 individual maps spread across 166 plates, it addresses a broad range of issues. Beginning with a chapter consisting of 33 maps on the natural environment and a second containing 47 maps documenting the evolution of European and later American cartographic knowledge about North America, the atlas mapped an exhaustive number of historical topics: exploration and settlement of the continent, the location of colleges and churches, disputes over international and state boundaries, voting in presidential elections and in Congress, reforms from women’s suffrage to workmen’s compensation, transportation, industries, agriculture, commerce, the distribution of wealth, and military history.

This online edition, produced by The University of Richmond Digital Scholarship Lab, reproduces all of the atlas’s nearly 700 maps. Many of these beautiful maps are enhanced in ways impossible in print, animated to show change over time or made clickable to view the underlying data. 

Follow the team’s blog, Farther Afield: Thoughts on Historical Maps and Mapmaking.

HT Researchbuzz & blog.eogn.com

Locating a novel, short story, or poem without knowing its title or author can be very difficult. This guide is intended to help readers identify a literary work when they know only its plot or subject, or other textual information such as a character’s name, a line of poetry, or a unique word or phrase.

Related Resources:

via Peter Arment, LOC Digital Reference Section

DOD & NARA Gov Doc: The “Pentagon Papers” - Now Complete & Unredacted

The Pentagon Papers, officially titled “Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force”, was commissioned by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara in 1967. In June of 1971, small portions of the report were leaked to the press and widely distributed. However, the publications of the report that resulted from these leaks were incomplete and suffered from many quality issues.

On the 40th anniversary of the leak to the press, the National Archives, along with the Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon Presidential Libraries, has released the complete report. There are 48 boxes and approximately 7,000 declassified pages. Approximately 34% of the report is available for the first time.

What is unique about this, compared to other versions, is that:

  • The complete Report is now available with no redactions compared to previous releases
  • The Report is presented as Leslie Gelb presented it to then Secretary of Defense Clark Clifford on January 15, 1969
  • All the supplemental back-documentation is included. In the Gravel Edition, 80% of the documents in Part V.B. were not included
  • This release includes the complete account of peace negotiations, significant portions of which were not previously available either in the House Armed Services Committee redacted copy of the Report or in the Gravel Edition
via @saftergood & fas.org
Since the United Nations (U.N.) was established in 1945, the U.S. government, including many Members of Congress, has maintained an ongoing interest in the criteria and process for membership in the United Nations and its specialized agencies. The United Nations currently has
193 member states and two observer non-member states—the Holy See (Vatican) and “Palestine.”
Criteria and Process
The decision to admit a state into the United Nations is made by the U.N. General Assembly on the recommendation of the U.N. Security Council,
including all five permanent members (P-5): the United States, China, France, United Kingdom, and Russia. Membership is open to all
“peace-loving states” that accept the obligations contained in the U.N. Charter and, in the judgment of the organization, are able and willing to carry out such obligations. Given the imprecise nature of such criteria, many member states have broadly interpreted the conditions for
U.N. membership. Consequently, global and domestic politics play a primary role in many membership decisions.
Each of the United Nations’ 16 specialized agencies has its own constitution, rules, membership, governance, and financial resources. As such, the process and criteria for admitting new members vary depending on the organization. In 11 specialized agencies, U.N. membership gives a state access to membership in the agency without requiring its admission to be approved by the current membership. 
U.S. Role and Policy
Congress often does not play a large role in determining U.N. membership, Members have sought to influence U.S. policy on the issue through legislation advocating or opposing the membership of various countries and entities—including Israel, Montenegro, Kosovo, South Africa, China/Taiwan, and the Palestine Libera tion Organization (PLO). Notably, in the mid-1990s, Congress enacted two separate laws that prohibit funding to U.N. entities that (1) admit the PLO as a member, and (2) grant full membership as a state to any organization or group that does not have the internationally recognized attributes of statehood (see Section 410 of P.L. 103- 236 and Section 414 of P.L. 101-246). The United States currently withholds its assessed and voluntary contributions to the U.N. Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), which admitted Palestine as a member in 2011…

POTUS Gov Doc: Workforce Innovation Act

whitehouse:

“Let’s do this more often…let’s pass more bills to help create more good jobs, strengthen the middle class.” —President Obama to Republicans in Congress before signing the Workforce Innovation Act, which will help connect more ready-to-work Americans with ready-to-be-filled jobs.

Learn more:

All federal departments and agencies create federal records “in connection with the transaction of public business.” The Federal Records Act, as amended (44 U.S.C. Chapters 21, 29, 31, and 33), requires executive branch departments and agencies to collect, retain, and preserve federalbrecords, which provide the Administration, Congress, and the public with a history of public-policy execution and its results. Increasing use of e-mail, social media, and other electronic media has prompted a proliferation of record creation in the federal government. The variety of electronic platforms used to create federal records, however, may complicate the technologies needed to capture and retain them. It is also unclear whether the devices and applications that agencies currently use to create and retain records will be viable in perpetuity—making access to federal records over time increasingly complicated, costly, and potentially impossible.

In recent years, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) and the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) reported records management deficiencies at federal agencies. NARA, which has government-wide records management responsibilities, found 45% of agencies were at high risk of mismanaging their records. Agencies’ inabilities to comply with federal recordkeeping laws and responsibilities may make it difficult for NARA to predict future federal archiving needs because officials may not anticipate the true volume of records, nor will they know the variety of platforms used to create those records.
The executive branch has taken steps to clarify records management responsibilities and attempted to improve recordkeeping administration. In August 2012, for example, NARA and the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) jointly released a directive providing agencies with a framework for managing federal records, including both paper and electronic records.
Yet, challenges remain. Congress may have an interest in overseeing whether agencies are appropriately capturing and maintaining their federal records. Additionally, Congress may choose to revisit the laws that govern federal recordkeeping to address the variety of platforms used to create federal records. Congress may also choose to ensure that such records will be accessible to the public in perpetuity. Moreover, with the increase in the creation and use of electronic records,
Congress may have an interest in examining whether agencies are taking appropriate steps to ensure the authenticity and trustworthiness of the electronic documents they create and preserve
NASA Gov App: Astro App - Space Station Crew
Happy 15th Anniversary ISS!

Did you know humans live and work off-planet 24/7? Look up at night and you might see them streak across the sky onboard the International Space Station orbiting more than 220 miles overhead every 90 minutes at 17,500 mph. Space travelers representing 15 partner countries learn how to survive and thrive in the hostile environment of zero-g on this unique vehicle, assembled by humans bolt by bolt, module by module IN SPACE. You can sort crew members by name and mission. The “Suit Me Up” feature allows you to become a Space Station crew member. Share your space profile with friends and family.

NASA Gov App: Astro App - Space Station Crew

Happy 15th Anniversary ISS!

Did you know humans live and work off-planet 24/7? Look up at night and you might see them streak across the sky onboard the International Space Station orbiting more than 220 miles overhead every 90 minutes at 17,500 mph. Space travelers representing 15 partner countries learn how to survive and thrive in the hostile environment of zero-g on this unique vehicle, assembled by humans bolt by bolt, module by module IN SPACE. You can sort crew members by name and mission. The “Suit Me Up” feature allows you to become a Space Station crew member. Share your space profile with friends and family.

A (linked) bibliography on American constitutional law from the Law Library of Congress. Assembled here are books, articles, and congressional testimony regarding separation of power issues in the United States: constitutional interpretation, executive privilege, military tribunals, national security whistleblowers, presidential inherent powers, presidential signing statements, second amendment, state secrets privilege, war powers, and, war powers resolution.

In addition, you can view the Constitution in its original form, with explanations, in Spanish or other languages

NCHS Gov Doc: Sexual Orientation and Health Among U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2013

The objective of this HHS National Center for Health Statistics Report is to provide national estimates for indicators of health-related behaviors, health status, health care service utilization, and health care access by sexual orientation using data from the 2013 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS).

Analyses were based on data collected in 2013 from 34,557 adults aged 18 and over. Differences in health-related behaviors, health status, health care service utilization, and health care access by sexual orientation were examined for adults aged 18–64, and separately for men and women.

Results:
Based on the 2013 NHIS data, 96.6% of adults identified as straight, 1.6% identified as gay or lesbian, and 0.7% identified as bisexual. The remaining 1.1% of adults identified as ‘‘something else,’’ stated ‘‘I don’t know the answer,’’ or refused to provide an answer. Significant differences were found in health-related behaviors, health status, health care service utilization, and health care access among U.S. adults aged 18–64 who identified as straight, gay or lesbian, or bisexual.

Conclusion:
NHIS sexual orientation data can be used to track progress toward meeting the Healthy People 2020 goals and objectives related to the health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons. In addition, the data can be used to examine a wide range of health disparities among adults identifying as straight, gay or lesbian, or bisexual.

NEA & Census Gov Doc: How a Nation Engages with Art: Highlights from the 2012 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts

This National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) report presents results from an initial analysis of the 2012 SPPA. It contains statistics with demographic insights about U.S. adults’ participation across five modes of art activity: attending; reading books and literature; consuming through electronic media; making and sharing; and learning. Findings are discussed for specific art forms and trend data provided where possible. Also includes links to additional data and resources for researchers.

LIS-GISIG mourns the loss of the 289 victims, including nearly 100 Dutch AIDS researchers, specialists and advocates en route to the AIDS 2014 Conference in Melbourne; President Clinton will speak there later this week.

Today, President Obama delivered a statement to the press in the wake of the tragic crash of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 yesterday:

Yesterday, Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 took off from Amsterdam and was shot down over Ukraine near the Russian border.  Nearly 300 innocent lives were taken — men, women, children, infants — who had nothing to do with the crisis in Ukraine.  Their deaths are an outrage of unspeakable proportions.

We know at least one American citizen, Quinn Lucas Schansman, was killed.  Our thoughts and prayers are with his family for this terrible loss.

Yesterday, I spoke with the leaders of Ukraine, Malaysia, and the Netherlands.  I told them that our thoughts and prayers are with all the families and that the American people stand with them during this difficult time.  Later today, I’ll be speaking to Prime Minister Abbott of Australia, which also suffered a terrible loss.

By far, the country that lost the most people on board the plane was the Netherlands.  From the days of our founding, the Dutch have been close friends and stalwart allies of the United States of America.  And today, I want the Dutch people to know that we stand with you, shoulder to shoulder, in our grief and in our absolute determination to get to the bottom of what happened.

The President went on to detail what we know about the plane crash so far:

Evidence indicates that the plane was shot down by a surface-to-air missile that was launched from an area that is controlled by Russian-backed separatists inside of Ukraine.  We also know that this is not the first time a plane has been shot down in eastern Ukraine.  Over the last several weeks, Russian-backed separatists have shot down a Ukrainian transport plane and a Ukrainian helicopter, and they claimed responsibility for shooting down a Ukrainian fighter jet. Moreover, we know that these separatists have received a steady flow of support from Russia.  This includes arms and training.  It includes heavy weapons, and it includes anti-aircraft weapons.

more

updates will be posted as new information arrves.

Other Documents:

CDC Gov Doc: Beat the Heat

Summer is upon us and many parts of the country are experiencing high temperatures which can pose a variety of different health problems. We’ve put together this new infographic to go over some of the facts and figures associated with heat waves. 

find more tips on staying healthy during the summer heat.

CDC & HHS Gov Docs: Health Information in 33 Languages

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) offers free, downloadable fact sheets, pamphlets and educational materials available in many languages

Order or download books, fact sheets, pamphlets, and educational materials at CDC-INFO on Demand. If you’re ordering fewer than 5 of any item, please consider downloading the items. Visit CDC Stacks to download materials only available online.