LIS-GISIG: Gov Info, Sources, Data & Docs

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NPS & USFS Gov Docs: Panoramic Lookout Photos, 80 years apart

via petapixel

The National Parks Service Fire and Aviation Management, U.S. Forest Service and Gigapan recently put together a photography project that takes a comparative look at two of America’s best-known pieces of land and how they’ve changed over the course of 80 years. 

Using photographs of Glacier National Park and Yellowstone Park from the early 1930s and late 2000s, the park service digitalized the black-and-white negatives from almost a century ago and overlaid the photographs from the current landscape to depict the changes that have occurred over time.

The original initiative started out as a way to create maps for various “fire lookouts” within the parks. Over time the project grew, and within only a year incredible panoramic photographs were captured from over 200 locations by photographer Lester M. Moe.

Learn more about the stories associated with panoramic photographs from NPS lookouts and how to participate in the retake project through the use of Gigapan’s technology.

NASA Gov Doc: Blue Marble

This composite ‘Blue Marble’ image of the Earth uses a number of swaths of the Earth’s surface taken on January 4, 2012.

LIS-GISIG Celebrates Earth Week!
From today until Earth Day (April 22), we will share a veritable cornucopia of docs of, for and about our planet & keeping it healthy!

LIS-GISIG Celebrates Earth Week!

From today until Earth Day (April 22), we will share a veritable cornucopia of docs of, for and about our planet & keeping it healthy!

DOD & NARA Gov Doc: Passover Seder Dinner (1919)

The “First Passover Seder Dinner” given by the Jewish Welfare Board in 1919 to Jewish men in the American Expeditionary Forces, Paris, France.

Updated Estimates of the Effects of the Insurance Coverage Provisions of the Affordable Care Act, April 2014

CBO and the staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) have updated their estimates of the budgetary effects of the provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) that relate to health insurance coverage. The new estimates, which are included in CBO’s latest baseline projections, reflect CBO’s most recent economic forecast, account for administrative actions taken and regulations issued through March 2014, and incorporate new data and various modeling updates.

Relative to their previous projections made in February 2014, CBO and JCT now estimate that the ACA’s coverage provisions will result in lower net costs to the federal government: The agencies currently project a net cost of $36 billion for 2014, $5 billion less than the previous projection for the year; and $1,383 billion for the 2015–2024 period, $104 billion less than the previous projections. more

via @saftergood & fas.org

The DNS is managed and operated by a not-for-profit public benefit corporation called the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). Because the Internet evolved from a network infrastructure created by the Department of Defense, the U.S. government originally owned and operated (primarily through private contractors) the key components of network architecture that enable the domain name system to function.

A 1998 Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between ICANN and the Department of Commerce (DOC) initiated a process intended to transition technical DNS coordination and management functions to a private-sector not-for-profit entity. Additionally, a contract between DOC and ICANN authorizes ICANN to perform various technical functions such as allocating IP address blocks, editing the root zone file, and coordinating the assignment of unique protocol numbers. By virtue of this contract and two other legal agreements, DOC exerts a legacy authority and stewardship over ICANN, and arguably has more influence over ICANN and the DNS than other national governments.

On March 14, 2014, the DOC’s National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) announced its intention to transition its stewardship role and procedural authority over key domain name functions to the global Internet multistakeholder community. If a satisfactory transition and Internet governance mechanism can be achieved, NTIA will let its contract with ICANN expire on September 30, 2015. NTIA has stated that it will not accept any transition proposal that would replace the NTIA role with a government-led or an intergovernmental organization solution.

NARA Gov Doc: The 16th Amendment

congressarchives:

Love it or hate it, it’s tax day! This year marks the 101th anniversary of the ratification of the 16th Amendment, which allows Congress to collect a tax on income.

Senate Joint Resolution 40, proposing a constitutional amendment, SEN 61A-B9, 6/28/1909, Records of the U.S. Senate

LOC Gov Docs: Women’s Roller Derby, 1950

Top: “There goes Toughie!" by Al Aumuller (03/10/1950); "Swinging Down the Track" (08/09/1950) [Roller Derby world series semi-finals between the Jersey Jolters and the Brooklyn Red Devils.]

via Library of Congress Magazine: America at Play (Mar/Apr 2014) & LOC blog

The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy issued a policy memorandum to agencies directing Federal agencies to develop policies that will improve the management of and access to scientific collections that they own or support—including drilling cores from the ocean floor and glaciers, seeds, space rocks, cells, mineral samples, fossils, and more.

The policies developed by Federal agencies in response to the new memo will also be consistent with requirements in the Executive Order on Making Open and Machine Readable the New Default for Government Information and my previous memorandum on Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research.

Agency policies will help make scientific collections and information about scientific collections more transparent and accessible. For example, photographs and 3D scans of objects in Federal scientific collections will be made freely available to the public.

via @saftergood & fas.org

Between 1995 and 2008, the United States provided North Korea with over $1.3 billion in assistance: slightly more than 50% for food aid and about 40% for energy assistance. Since early 2009, the United States has provided virtually no aid to North Korea, though episodically there have been discussions about resuming large-scale food aid. Additionally, the Obama Administration officials have said that they would be willing to consider other types of aid if North Korea takes steps indicating that it will dismantle its nuclear program, a prospect that most analysts view as increasingly remote.

As of March 2014, barring an unexpected breakthrough, there appears little likelihood the Obama Administration will provide large-scale assistance of any type to North Korea in the near future. Members of Congress have a number of tools they could use to influence the development and implementation of aid programs with North Korea.

This report discusses Food Aid, Energy Assistance, and Denuclearization Assistance.

Following a public comment period, the Federal Trade Commission has approved a final order settling charges against Goldenshores Technologies, LLC, and its owner, Erik Geidl.

According to the FTC’s complaint, the company created a popular flashlight app for Android devices that the FTC charged deceived consumers with a privacy policy that did not reflect the app’s use of personal data and presented consumers with a false choice on whether to share their information.

The settlement, first announced in December 2013, prohibits Goldenshores and Geidl from misrepresenting how consumers’ information is collected and shared and how much control consumers have over the way their information is used.

The settlement also requires the defendants to provide a just-in-time disclosure that fully informs consumers when, how, and why their geolocation information is being collected, used and shared, and requires defendants to obtain consumers’ affirmative express consent before doing so.

The defendants also will be required to delete any personal information collected from consumers through the Brightest Flashlight app.

Check This Out! FTC Gov Resource: Consumer Guide to Understanding Mobile Apps

Related: FTC staff to Facebook and WhatsApp: Privacy promises prevail

IRS Gov Docs: POTUS & VPOTUS 2013 Tax Returns

On April 11, the President released his 2013 federal income tax returns. He and the First Lady filed their income tax returns jointly and reported adjusted gross income of $481,098. The Obamas paid $98,169 in total tax. The President and First Lady also reported donating $59,251 – or about 12.3 percent of their adjusted gross income – to 32 different charities.

The President’s effective federal income tax rate is 20.4 percent…The President and First Lady also released their Illinois income tax return and reported paying $23,328 in state income tax.

The Vice President and Dr. Jill Biden also released their 2013 federal income tax returns, as well as state income tax returns for both Delaware and Virginia…Together, they reported adjusted gross income of $407,009. The Bidens paid $96,378 in total federal tax for 2013, amounting to an effective tax rate of 23.7 percent. They also paid $14,644 in Delaware income tax and Dr. Biden paid $3,470 in Virginia income tax. The Bidens contributed $20,523 to charity in 2013.

NARA & FDR Library Gov Docs: DAR’s response to Eleanor Roosevelt’s Letter of Resignation (1932)

In a dramatic and celebrated act of conscience, Eleanor Roosevelt resigned from the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) when it barred the world-renowned singer Marian Anderson, an African American, from performing at its Constitution Hall in Washington, DC. T

The DAR had adopted a rule excluding African-American artists from the Constitution Hall stage in 1932 following protests over “mixed seating,” blacks and whites seated together, at concerts of black artists.

Mrs. Henry M. Robert, Jr., president general of the DAR, sent Mrs. Roosevelt a letter responding to the resignation.

Following this well-publicized controversy, the federal government invited Anderson to sing at a public recital on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. On Easter Sunday, April 9, 1939, some 75,000 people came to hear the free recital. The incident put both the artist and the issue of racial discrimination in the national spotlight.